View Finder: Croatia

Nestled on the shores of the Adriatic Sea is the beautiful south-eastern European nation of Croatia, home of orange roofs, lavender fields and a proud but turbulent history dating back to the 7th century.  In a nutshell, Croatia has formerly been part of the Byzantine, Austrian and Hungarian empires before uniting with neighbouring Serbia, Montenegro and Slovenia to form Yugoslavia following the First World War.  This period in its history famously came to an end in the 1990s with the bloody civil war and establishment of independent sovereign nations.  It’s probably fair to say that Croatia came off best in the years following the war, reinventing itself as a vibrant and appealing tourist hub. It’s certainly a destination that doesn’t disappoint, whether you’re wandering the ancient back streets of Dubrovnik or exploring the exhilarating waterfalls of the Krka National Park.  It’s also fair to say that the local people don’t always come across as particularly warm or friendly, being possessed as they are of an eastern European stoicism and reserve…although if you make a friend of Croatia, you’ll find you have a friend for life.

View of Dubrovnik old town


Dubrovnik city walls
Storm clouds gathering over Dubrovnik
The rain-washed streets of Dubrovnik old town



Krka National Park
Square in Split’s beautiful old town
(above and below) Diocletion Palace, Split




©Square Lamb 2016.  All rights reserved.


Men in Hoods

No,it’s not a meeting of the Ku Klux Klan – it’s a traditional Easter procession in southern Spain.

Semana Santa is the most important event in Spain’s religious calendar and, as we know, the Spanish spare nothing when it comes to celebrating important events.  Starting on Palm Sunday and continuing almost constantly until Easter morning,  Nazarenos – the male and female participants in the processions – walk tirelessly through the streets for up to twelve hours at a time…the most devoted of them without shoes.  There are approximately 70 confradias, or religious “brotherhoods”,  in Seville alone, meaning literally thousands of cloaked and hooded figures processing through the city streets, usually accompanied by a wailing brass orchestra and a funereal beating drum.  Add in the fact that each confradia wears a different-coloured set of robes and the sight is hugely impressive, if not a little intimidating.  One of the most memorable processions takes place on the night of Holy Thursday when black-robed Nazarenos march silently and eerily through the dark.

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The biggest processions include re-enactments of the Stations of the Cross, a man dressed as Jesus and occasional public flagellation.  Yep, they take it seriously here.  One thing you will see in most processions is an icon or statue from inside the church being carried, pallbearer style, through the streets…although this has started to attract criticism in recent years as most of the statues are lavish affairs draped in gold which some people believe undermines the real meaning of Easter.

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But what about those pointy KKK hoods?  Well, no one seems quite sure why they opted for this particular design, except that the idea is to cover the face to symbolise shame at the sins committed in the past year.  The conical shape is possibly there to denote a syphoning off of the sins towards heaven.  One thing is certain, though – the Nazareno hoods pre-date the KKK by several centuries; it was the KKK who adopted the style and made it globally synonymous with delusions of race supremacy, which is in stark contrast to the original hoods’ intended meaning.  On Easter morning the Nazerenos remove the hoods and stride through the streets, smiling and throwing flowers, to show that their sins have been forgiven.


Semana Santa in Spain should be on everyone’s Bucket List – religious or not – as it’s a sight to behold in terms of sheer tradition, devotion, sense of occasion and, yes, bizarreness.  Seville is the obvious destination for a Semana Santa break (most of these photos were taken in Seville)  but for a slightly cheaper and less-crowded experience you can also witness it in most towns and villages south of Madrid, including Málaga and Granada.  Valencia also has a good one. As for me, these days I’m quite content to sit back and just enjoy the chocolate.

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©Square Lamb 2016.  All rights reserved.


Burn, Valencia, Burn

About an hour ago, in a town on the east coast of Spain, there was a fireworks display. It wasn’t an ordinary fireworks display: for one thing it started at 2pm when it was still bright daylight, but that didn’t matter.  It didn’t matter because it wasn’t about visual effects, it was about audio impact.  The sound of the fireworks reached 120 decibels at one point, louder than a jet plane taking off, and the vibrations pounded the eardrums and shook the internal organs of the several thousand people crowded into the town square to listen. It lasted for about ten minutes. This fireworks display will take place every day for the next nineteen days…but the silences in between will gradually get shorter and shorter as people start to set off their own smaller fireworks in the streets and the parks and the plazas, until finally there is no silence and the city becomes one cracking, popping, roaring wall of sound.  Welcome to the wonderful world of the mascletà, and Valencia during the annual Fallas fiesta.

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Smoke fills the air following the daily mascletà show.

Fallas is essentially a celebration of fire, although the epic firework displays are only a small part of it.  Equally as impressive are the four hundred or so ninots – the wood and polystyrene mannequins – erected all over the city.  Often taking a topical or political theme, the statues are powerful, eye-catching and enormous: walking around Valencia can seem, to the uninitiated, like wandering into a particularly vivid Disney animation after indulging in far too many hallucinogenic substances.

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So, is there a good reason for all of this?  Well, yes.  Fallas started as a celebration of St Joseph – patron saint of both fathers and carpenters, being a multi tasking kind of guy – and historically seems to have something to do with burning surplus wood at the start of spring. Cool.

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These days the festival is a joint venture organised by the different districts in the city, each of which has its own clubhouse and is responsible for raising money and building its own ninot.  The ninots take an entire year to construct so as soon as one festival finishes, work will start on the next.

It’s not all about blowing things up and burning things, however.  This being Spain, music and processions also play a large part in the festivities.  The members of each clubhouse are known as falleros and falleras and they take part in traditional processions across the city, the most notable of which is the Flower Offering where the female falleras carry flowers to lay in Plaza de la Virgen, the most beautiful square in the centre of the city.

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La Oferta – the flower offering

It doesn’t come cheaply though – each fallera’s costume, shoes and elaborate hairpiece cost hundreds of euros to make.

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Fallera in traditional costume

Did I mention the food?  Valencia is the home of paella, so expect to see plenty of simmering rice (and traditional Valenciano paella uses rabbit meat as its protein)  during the festival.  They don’t just cook it in their kitchens, that would be very boring – why not cook it outside in the street and have a competition to see who can make the biggest?

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Of course no Spanish fiesta would be complete without lashings of alcohol: in this case the local brew agua de Valencia (water of Valencia, but believe me when I tell you it’s definitely not water).  If that seems a bit daunting you can buy a beer or some hot chocolate from one of the many stalls, but do it properly and go to one of the streets of lights to soak up the atmosphere.

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Street of lights

Although the mascletà is a daily occurrence from the 1st of March, the fiesta officially runs for five days from 15th to 19th March. The population of Valencia trebles during Fallas so don’t expect a relaxing city break…but if loud, bright, non-stop craziness is your thing then this is the festival for you.

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Oh – and what do they do with those 400 giant ninots when the festival finishes?  They set fire to them all, obviously.

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©Square Lamb 2016.  All rights reserved.


Seville April Fair

A little spring magic to brighten up your day….originally a local livestock fair, feria de abril (April Fair) has grown to be the largest of its kind in southern Spain.  It starts two weeks after Easter which means that, although it is usually held in April, it can very occasionally take place in May or even start at the end of March.

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These days the fair is famous for flamenco, but it also features a fairground with all the usual rides, horses, plenty of food and even more rebujito – the typical drink comprising sweet sherry and a soft mixer.

Those planning to visit the event should be warned, however: the casetas (tents) are private and not open to the general public so unless you have local friends with connections you´ll have to content yourself with walking around the perimeters.

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Inspired by The Daily Post’s Vibrant challenge.

©Square Lamb 2016.  All rights reserved.


Paella Party

Paella: the traditional Sunday lunch of Valencia, Spain.  It’s not a meal to be enjoyed alone, however; paella lunches typically involve the family, friends, neighbours, the neighbour’s dog and anyone else the host has spoken to that day.





Posted in response to The Daily Post’s Gathering challenge.  You can see more images of Valencia here.

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©copyright Square Lamb 2015. All rights reserved

Hanging House

No one is really sure of the origins of Cuenca’s famous casas colgadas (hanging houses), other than they were around in the 1400s and still haven’t fallen over the edge of the cliff.   These days, the largest of the houses is used – somewhat appropriately – as a gallery of abstract art.

In response to The Daily Post’s (Extra)ordinary challenge.

©Copyright Square Lamb 2015. All rights reserved.

Cuenca, Spain

I’ve said it before, but Spain is full of hidden little treasures… you just have to leave the well-beaten track of the Costas to find them.

Cuenca is less than an hour from Madrid on the high speed train and gained UNESCO World Heritage status in 1996, mainly due to the medieval “hanging houses” which are precariously balanced on the edge of a limestone cliff.

Hanging Houses
Hanging Houses

I had the pleasure of visiting the town last weekend for the first time after spending a couple of days on business in Madrid, and it was a welcome respite from the crowded and noisy city (the wine and tapas was pretty good too, and extremely affordable!)

Autumn colours reflected in the River Júcar
Autumn colours reflected in the River Júcar


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© Copyright Square Lamb 2015. All rights reserved


View Finder: Valencia

A friend of mine recently referred to Spain’s third largest city as “the Cinderella city” – beautiful, but shunted aside by the domineering Ugly Sisters of Madrid and Barcelona.  It’s an apt description; Valencia is too often overlooked by tourists heading for the buzz of one of the bigger metropolises.  Give this city a chance to work her charms, however, and you won’t be disappointed. It’s not often that a city ticks every single box but Valencia manages it.  Beach?  Check.  A mix of ancient and contemporary architecture?  Check.  A thriving music and nightlife scene? Check.  Quiet places to relax and good transport links around the city?  Check.  And as an added bonus, Valencia is the home of paella which means you’ll be spoilt for choice if you’re hungry after a day spent relaxing on the beach or exploring the narrow colourful streets of the Old Town.

The view across the city
The view across the city


Plaza de la Reina and the cathedral tower
Plaza de la Reina and the cathedral tower


Torre de Serrano - the gate marking the entrance to the Old Town
Torre de Serrano – the gate marking the entrance to the Old Town


Plaza de la Virgen
Plaza de la Virgen


Mercado Central (central market)
Mercado Central (central market)


Paella - the traditional dish of Valencia
Paella – the traditional dish of Valencia


La Lonja - the old silk trading building
La Lonja – the old silk trading building


The futuristic buildings of the Arts and Science park
The futuristic buildings of the Arts and Science park


Fountain on Malvarosa beach
Fountain on Malvarosa beach


Sunrise over Malvarosa beach
Sunrise over Malvarosa beach

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Streets of Riga

First and foremost, I probably owe Riga a huge apology for photographing it in the way that I did.  All the research I did about the Latvian capital, prior to visiting, told me about a city which had fought hard to shake off the memories of its Soviet past and reinvent itself as the lively, vibrant jewel in the Baltic crown, and the vast majority of the photos I saw on the conventional travel websites showed me the pretty colourful buildings and cobbled streets of the old town. All of which certainly holds true.

I therefore wasn’t prepared for the impression that Riga made on me when I arrived for the first time.  Away from the old town and the tourist hotspots the streets told me a different story – of a grand city fallen foul of the Soviet occupation, much of which is still evident in the crumbling blocks, derelict buildings and the imposing communism-era tower which casts a grim shadow across the skyline on the east side of the river. It got under my skin in a way that I hadn’t expected and couldn’t avoid, so I set out to try to capture the feeling in the photos. Hopefully you will find them interesting….but please don’t base your impressions of Riga solely on these photos!















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©copyright Square Lamb 2015. All rights reserved